Rousseau Cast Aside: Women Painters and the Absence of the Bourgeois Ideal


In Women and Visual Culture in Nineteenth-Century France, Gen Doy points out that the bourgeois ideal of the “happy mother” is rarely represented in paintings produced by early nineteenth-century French women painters.(1) Even in the “feminine” genres of portraiture and genre scenes, this paradigm is a rarity. Among David’s pupils, Constance Charpentier appears to be the only one who produced a self-portrait of the artist and her child (untraced). Marie-Guillemine Benoist, Césarine Davin-Mirvault, and Angélique Mongez also had children but, judging what can be drawn from their available work, made no reference to them in their art. The portraiture of the first two usually depicts single well-known or anonymous figures. While the subject of motherhood is present in Mongez’s Astyanax Torn from His Mother, a large-scale history painting, the representation of an active Andromache fighting the soldiers attempting to take her son-as opposed to her passive counterpart in François-Guillaume Ménageot’s painting of the same subject-hardly conforms to the sweet, docile model expected of women at the time. Outside the school of David, some women painters were depicting another form of motherhood: that of the grieving mother, a common theme in the art of Constance Mayer, who never had children of her own but cared for the five children of her teacher (and possible lover) Pierre-Paul Prud’hon.

What does this tell us of the French custom painting art world in the early nineteenth century? In the years immediately preceding the French Revolution, Elisabeth Vigée-Lebrun produced two portraits of herself and her daughter to prove to the audience  that women could simultaneously pursue their careers and be loving mothers.(2) Less than twenty years later, the production of such representations were decreasing. Apparently women artists in general did not feel as if they had to make such a statement, despite the fact that contemporary laws and philosophies show that French, or at least Parisian, society was not ready to accept the notion that women could “have it all.” This article will offer a possible explanation.

At this time, social philosophy in France was grounded in the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Book V of his Emile details his image of the ideal woman whom he calls Sophie. Her life is devoted to her husband and their children, and she has no interest in the events outside the private sphere. Her education is to be solely domestic. She would educate the daughters, while her husband would educate the sons. As the ideas of Rousseau became increasingly popular, society’s general expectations of women were that they model their lives after that of Sophie.…

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One Piece Micro Swimsuits

Women One piece Swimsuit Mini Micro Bikini Thong Lingerie Halter Neck  Backless High Cut Self tie Swimwear bikinis 2019 women|Bikini Set| -  AliExpressWhen people think of sexy swim wear they first think of bikinis, but one-piece swim wear can be equally sexy if not more. Sexy one-piece micro swimsuits have uniquely creative designs and are extremely eye-catching. Many times they have no more material than a skimpy bikini, it is just engineered in a different way.

One-piece suits are great for sexy swimsuit competitions because it will make the wearer stand out in the crowd. In those competitions, beautiful, hot girls are a dime a dozen. Besides, they are usually all wearing some kind of two-piece bikini. The effect is that they start to blend into one anther. Anyone wearing a skimpy one-piece is sure to attract the attention of the judges and onlookers.


Types of One Piece Micro Swimsuits

There are several different popular styles of skimpy one-piece suits. There are the traditional modest swimsuits that have coverage on the behind and may either be low cut or have the sides or other panels removed. These will show more skin than the average one-piece, and they are very sexy yet not outlandish. The next step up in raunchiness is the one-piece thong suit. These range from the simple and functional tank suit to the hotter, less functional sideless G-string.

Definitely the most risqué one-piece on the market is the cupless and crotchless one-piece. This suit is only for show and will most likely be limited to adult clubs and private homes. In this suit the breasts and the genitalia are fully exposed. You won’t see that at the PTA!…

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Career In Fashion Design

A career in fashion design could be yours with the right education. Without a degree in fashion merchandising or design it is nearly impossible to secure a high paying job. You’ve heard it before and I’ll say it again, a college education is a requirement to obtain the job of your dreams.

Notice that I did not say a degree from an ivy league school is required. Employers want to see both motivation and ambition. Regardless of where you earned your degree, an education proves your willingness to work.


A Career in Fashion Design Starts with a Degree

For example, a career in fashion design may start with a degree from the most prestigious fashion school in Europe or an online degree achieved through your home computer. Both programs teach you the basics of fashion design and prepare you for a full-time job in the real world. Before you even consider applying to a position in fashion design, be sure to complete your school work.

From designers to department store buyers, there are a multitude of positions available in the fashion industry. You may want to evaluate your strengths and weaknesses to decide which position will work best with your skill set. Consider applying for an internship or work study program while you are in college to gain real-life experiences.…

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Fashion Design Programs

A friend of mine always had a flair for fashion, and she is now a successful designer, partly due to the skills she learned from fashion design programs. These programs taught her how to sketch out her designs so that fabric makers and seamstresses could easily interpret them. In a few days, her sketches were runway ready.

Many art schools and learning annexes are offering fashion design programs to their students. Fashion is steadily becoming a lucrative career. There have never before been so many publications devoted to fashion and what the hottest stars are wearing.


Express Your Style in Fashion Design Programs

If you have little fashion sense but are a superb drawer, you can still find success by taking fashion design programs. Many of the best-known designers rely on their sketch artists to bring their ideas to fruition. With a little practice, you could be telling your friends and family about how you drew the latest fall fashions long before they’re seen on the supermodels.

If you’d like to learn more about how to enroll in fashion design programs, or if you want to know more about what these programs can offer you, you can call your local college, art school, or learning annex. The people there will help you get the information you need. Even though you live in a rural area, you can still be fashion-forward thanks to the wealth of fashion courses available online.…

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Fashion Hair

You can make an exciting and fun statement with fashion hair extensions, available in colors that express your personality. Looking for a quick and easy transformation from ordinary to outstanding? Try these fun and funky hair accessories. They clip into your hair in a snap, look completely natural and give a streak of color just where you want it. Extensions give you color without the commitment.


Fashion Hair is Fun!

Looking for a totally new look that’s dramatic but affordable? Hair extensions are a great option that can be placed wherever you want and taken out at a moment’s notice. You can go through your day, changing your colors to suit your surroundings or mood. A special occasion, for instance, might call for a touch of drama that only a hot pink hair streak can provide. Pair it with platinum blonde or baby blue streaks and you’ll be the life of the party!

Or, if you prefer a more subtle touch, fashion hair extensions can be used to highlight your natural color. Using less dramatic shades of blonde or auburn create just the right amount of glamour to spice up a dull natural shade. When inserted into your hair, these extensions become indistinguishable from your own tresses. Many of them are made from real human hair, so they have a natural look and feel. They can also be cut, colored and washed just like your own hair.

Fashion hair is a great way to add style and drama to your look without spending a lot of money or having to commit to any one shade. Mix and match for a custom look, and be prepared to get noticed! It’s easy with hair extensions that can express your unique personality. Go online to find the ones that will give you the touch of glamour you’ve been looking for!…

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Fashionable Jewelry

Fashionable jewelry can be something of a gamble. Do you want jewelry that fits in with the fashions of today, or one that is classy enough to survive the constantly fluctuating whims of the fashionable public? The second item will certainly be more useful in the long run–but what about a piece that combines the best of both worlds?

Ammolite stones have certainly been around long enough to qualify as lasting pieces. They were formed, in fact, by the fossilization process, from the shells of the Ammonite. Currently they are only available from the Alberta, Cananda, where thy are mined.

Fashionable Jewelry That Lasts

Ammolite gems also have looks that will endure. Each piece is unique, as each and every bit of Ammolite is made nature’s way, with the resultant fascinating variations. Your piece will without a doubt be one of a kind.

Singular pieces fall into one category of fashionable jewelry that time can hardly touch. Few phrases have more cachet than “one of a kind,” and that’s your guarantee when it comes to Ammolites. Individuality, after all, never goes out of fashion.…

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Fashion Group Bed Frames

Those who place a premium on good sleep and aesthetic design naturally are drawn to Fashion Group Bed frames. The Fashion Bed Group has built a trusted, well-respected producer of attractive, high quality products, and their bed frames are no exception. Form and function merge seamlessly in pieces that are guaranteed to stand the test of time.

Good sleep is central to healthy functioning. It restores and revitalizes us and promotes a sense of general well-being. By contrast, poor sleep can have a number of deleterious effects, including impaired judgment and decision-making and increased risk for affective disorders. Although scientific research supports the importance of proper sleep, most of us understand the consequences of poor sleep from first-hand experience. To be sure, we are never at our best after a night of tossing and turning.


If You Build It, Sleep Will Come

Our basic biological need for sleep underscores the importance of proper bedroom accommodations. A firm mattress and high-thread count sheets are the first things that spring to mind. However, the true foundation of any bed is the frame. A good frame keeps a mattress grounded and even and can preserve its integrity over years of use.

A bed should be built from the ground up. Start with a high quality frame and mattress and then look for sheets and pillows designed to promote healthy sleep cycles. If you put the proper foundation in place, you will likely find that good sleep comes naturally the minute you hit the sheets.…

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Dog Fashions

Dog fashions range from the simple sweater to elaborate Halloween costumes. The range you stock will be entirely dependent on the desires of your customers. Dog lover apparel is a great way to start out in the dog apparel market.

Matching owner/pet clothing is a tried-and-true favorite among pet owners. Nothing is as heartwarming for them as seeing their beloved dog wearing a miniature version of their own sweater or coat. Once they see how cute these dog fashions are, even the most skeptical of dog owners will become a fan of dog clothes.


Marketing Dog Fashions

Some dog owners still feel there is a social stigma against dog clothes. They might feel they are silly or unnecessary. However, these owners have most likely not seen the quality or luxury available to today’s pampered pooch. This is where proper marketing comes in.

In your flyers or advertisements, it’s key to include very different styles of clothing. Your regular customers will enjoy seeing all your products on a regular basis, but you should also target new customers. The dog owners who are skeptical about dog clothes are not likely to be enthusiastic about complete matching ensembles, but they may be swayed by a gorgeous but simple wool sweater made from hand-dyed yarn.…

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Pet Fashion Dog Sweater

The latest trend in pet fashion dog sweater wear is for multi-colored knit sweaters. Reflecting the current trend for luxury fabrics with texture, the dog fashion market has taken its lead from global designers and embraced warm, multi-tonal color. A sure-fire fashion winner, these sweaters convey a simple luxury that doesn’t overwhelm the wearer.

The types of sweaters featured in this trend are made from high-density yarns and chenilles. Dog winter clothing has never been so stylish as with these sweaters. They offer a trendy alternative to traditional Nordic prints or screen-print style sweaters.


Pet Fashion Dog Sweater Wear for All Seasons

These pet fashion dog sweater trends don’t appear to be on the wane. These luxury fabrics have been on the designer runways for over two seasons now and will likely continue on the fashion forefront for several more to come. The ease of wear combined with the gorgeous color combinations make them a favorite for many pet owners. The pastels (especially pink) will be hot items this spring.

Dog sweaters have long been the staple of many a dog wardrobe. They are the easiest way to provide your dog with warmth and style all at once. They are appropriate for any season, and the wide range of color combinations available make them suitable for both males and females.…

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Fashion Design Career

A fashion design career has been your dream since you were a little girl. As long as you can remember you’ve had a passion for style. When the college application process began you only had one thing in mind.

What you may not have expected was the amount of colleges and universities that offer a degree in fashion design and merchandising. You hadn’t really considered moving far away from home, but if the right program required relocating to Arizona, you would do it. The research process was less labor-intensive than you expected, and for one good reason only.

Get Started with Your Fashion Design Career

The internet provided you with the search tools necessary to locate the ideal place to initiate your fashion design career. With a few hours spent on line not only did you locate the top fashion design schools in the United States, but you browsed university websites in an effort to get a feel for campus life. In only one afternoon you had determined the four schools you would apply to.

Upon completion of your fashion design degree, you’ll be headed to New York in search of work. With so many fashion icons living in New York you’re bound to find a position where you can express your talent. Soon people will be buying your clothing line off the racks at department stores.…

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